Republic day is the national holiday in India. India came into force on 26th January 1950, replacing the government of India act 1935 as the legislative document of India and thereby converting the country into a newly created republic.
The constitution was ratified by the Indian constitution assembly on 26th November 1949 and entered into force on 26 January 1950 with a democratic government structure, completing the country’s transformation to an independent republic. 26th January was chosen as the day of republic since it was on that day in 1929 that the declaration of Indian independence (Purna Swaraj) was declared by the Indian National co.
HISTORY OF REPUBLIC DAY:
After the Indian Independence movement, India gained independence from British raj on 15th August 1947. Independence was achieved by the Indian independence act 1947, an act of the parliament of the united kingdom which separated British India into two new autonomous dominations of the British Commonwealth ( later Commonwealth of nations).
On 15 august 1947, india gained independence as a constitutional monarchy with George VI as head of state and Eari Mountbatte as head of state. The nation, however, did not yet have a permanent constitution, instead, it’s rules were based on the updated colonial government of india act 1935. A re, august 29, 1947.
The republic day is celebrated in New Delhi on the Rajpath before the president of India. On this day there will be ceremonial parades on the Rajpath, which will be arranged as a salute to India; it’s solidarity in diversity and rich cultural heritage.
DELHI REPUBLIC DAY PARADE:
The Delhi republic day parade is being conducted in the capital, new delhi and is being organized by the ministry of defense. Starting from the gates of , Rashtrapati Bhavan, Raisina hill on Rajpath past India gate, this event is the main attraction of the indian republic day celebrations and will last for three days. The parade demonstrates India’s defensive capability, cultural and social heritage.
Nine to twelve separate indian army regiments besides the navy, and the air force with their brands march past in all their finery and official decorations. The president of India, who is the commander in chief of the indian armed forces, has issued his greeting.
REPUBLIC DAY CELEBRATION OF 2021:
When India celebrates it’s republic day, the world is keeping an eye on it. It’s not only a matter of pride for the country, it’s also a crucial event in diplomatic relations, as India has historically been welcoming an international dignitary as it’s chief guest since the first R- day was celebrated in 1950.
However, this year’s republic day celebration will be different from the other occasions owing to coronavirus. The outbreak of the covid-19 pandemic last year left the world in a state of chaos and still noticeable across the globe as the vaccine rolled out. Even industrialised countries countries such as the united states and the united kingdom are yet to rebound from it’s repercussions. The discovery of a new form of coronavirus in Britian has not only caused it to consider stronger lockdowns, but has also influenced India’s republic day plans.
Prime minister Narendra Modi had welcomed his British counterpart Boris Johnson to mark the 72nd republic day as chief guest. However, on 5th January, the UK PM called Modi to remind him of the cancellation of his trip to India due to the outbreak of new coronavirus cases.
This is the first time in decades that India has celebrated it’s republic day without any international leader as it’s chief guest. The president of Brazil Jair Bolsonaro was the guest in chief last year but do you know the chief guest of india’s first republic day was? India then invited Indonesia president Sukarno to mark the first day of the republic.
Prime minister Narendra Modi’s vision of Aatma Nirbhar bharat and self- reliant India will also feature in this year’s celebrations. School children will also present a programme on the theme ‘’ HUM FIT TOH INDIA FIT’’, inspired by the fit india campaign led by prime minister Narendra Modi on the occasion of national sports day on 29th August 2019.